Saturday, 25 June 2022

Bill Russo born 25 June 1928

Bill Russo (June 25, 1928 – January 11, 2003) was an American composer, arranger, and musician from Chicago, Illinois, United States. He composed more than 200 pieces for jazz orchestra, and there were more than 30 recordings of his work. His five-decade career included collaborations with his idol Duke Ellington, Leonard Bernstein, Seiji Ozawa, Stan Kenton, Cannonball Adderley, Yehudi Menuhin, Dizzy Gillespie, Benny Carter, Maynard Ferguson, Billie Holiday, Cleo Laine, and Annie Ross.

William Joseph Russo was born in Chicago. He was drawn towards writing music at an early age, after hearing Woody Herman's band. At the age of 17 he had two scores accepted by Lionel Hampton. He was originally destined for a legal career. He enrolled at the University of Illinois, but found himself spending more time with the college jazz orchestra than on his studies. 

A student of jazz pianist Lennie Tristano, Russo wrote orchestral scores for the Stan Kenton Orchestra in the 1950s, including 23 Degrees N 82 Degrees W, Frank Speaking, and Portrait of a Count. He composed Halls of Brass for the brass section, without woodwinds or percussion. The section recording this piece included Buddy Childers, Maynard Ferguson and Milt Bernhart. In 1954, Russo left the Kenton Orchestra and continued private composition and conducting studies, then moved to New York City in 1958, where he led the 22-piece Bill Russo Orchestra. 

In 1962, Russo moved to England and worked for the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC). While working in London he founded the London Jazz Orchestra. He was a contributor to the third stream movement which sought to combine jazz and classical music. In 1965 he returned to his native Chicago and founded the music department at Columbia College Chicago. He was the director for the Center for New Music and the college's first full-time faculty member. He was the Director of Orchestral Studies at Scuola Europea d'Orchestra Jazz in Palermo, Italy. 

             Here’s “An Esthete On Clark Street” from above EP


Besides writing for jazz ensembles, Russo composed classical music, including symphonies and choral works, and works for the theater, often mixing elements of the genres. His 1959 Symphony No. 2 in C "TITANS" received a Koussevitsky award, and marked his entrance into the classical-music world. It was performed by the New York Philharmonic that year with Leonard Bernstein conducting and trumpeter Maynard Ferguson appearing as soloist. 
Srayhorn, Ellington & Russo

The 1973 album that included Russo's Three Pieces for Blues Band and Symphony Orchestra became a big seller for Deutsche Grammophon, with its cross-genre performance by the San Francisco Symphony Orchestra, with Seiji Ozawa conducting and the Siegel-Schwall Band. Ozawa had premiered "Three Pieces for Blues Band and Symphony Orchestra" with the Chicago Symphony Orchestra and the Siegel-Schwall Band in 1968. The success prompted the label to release Russo's Street Music, A Blues Concerto in 1979, featuring Corky Siegel on harmonica and piano.

Russo's theater works included a rock cantata, The Civil War (1968), based on poems by Paul Horgan. A politically charged multimedia piece for soloist, chorus, dancers, and rock band, The Civil War paralleled the American Civil War and the martyrdom of President Lincoln with the turbulent civil rights and antiwar movements of the 1960s and the murders of Martin Luther King Jr. and Robert F. Kennedy. Russo followed The Civil War with other rock-based multimedia music-theater works, including Liberation, Joan of Arc, Aesop's Fables, The Bacchae, and Song of Songs. These were performed by the Chicago Free Theater, which Russo founded and directed. The Free Theater spawned companies in Baltimore and San Francisco. 

In 1969, Russo and director Paul Sills, founding director of the Second City, and community activist Rev. Jim Shiflett testablished the Body Politic Theatre. Russo's other works for the theater include the operas John Hooton (1962), The Island (1963), Land of Milk and Honey (1964), Antigone (1967), The Shepherds' Christmas, The Pay-Off (1983–84), The Sacrifice, and Dubrovsky (1988), and a musical fairy tale for children, The Golden Bird, for singers, narrator, dancers, and symphony orchestra. Russo also composed art songs set to poetry by Edna St. Vincent Millay, W. H. Auden, and Gertrude Stein, as well as scores for dance and film. 

As part of his work with Columbia College, he started the Chicago Jazz Ensemble (CJE), which was dedicated to preserving and expanding jazz. A few years later this ensemble disbanded but was reborn in 1991. Russo's successor as artistic director was trumpeter Jon Faddis. Russo appeared with the band at the Jazz Showcase nightclub during the week before his death. After struggling with cancer, he retired as chair of the Columbia College Music Department in 2002.

He was still conducting the orchestra only a few days before his death on January 11, 2003. 

(Edited from Wikipedia & The Telegraph)

1 comment:

boppinbob said...

(Fresh Sound Records 2008) GO HERE:

01. An Esthete On Clark Street (Russo) 2:58
02. S'posin' (Denniker-Razaf) 2:18
03. Cathy (Russo) 2:40
04. Cookie (Russo) 2:39
05. Ennui (Russo) 3:36
06. Gloomy Sunday (Lewis-Seress 3:19
07. Vignette (Russo) 3:07
08. Strange Fruit (Holiday) 2:48
09. I Can't Get Started (Gershwin-Duke) 3:02
10. My Man (Yvain-Pollock) 2:35
11. Under The Greenwood Tree (Mulvihill) 2:32
12. The First Saturday In May (Russo) 2:54
13. Speculum (Russo) 2:50
14. Bill's Blues (Russo) 3:29
15. L'affaire Bugs (Baker) 2:29
16. For My Sister (Russo) 2:59
17. First Dance: Solo of Girl (Russo) 3:28
18. Second Dance: Solo of Boy (Russo) 2:48
19. Third Dance: Chorus and Solo of Girl (Russo) 3:18
20. Fourth Dance: Duet for Boy and Girl (Russo) 4:30
21. Fifth Dance: Chorus, Solo of Boy, Solo of Girl, Ensemble (Russo) 4:17

Tracks #1-8, from 10" LP "A Recital of New American Music" (Dee Gee 1001)
Tracks #9-10, from 78rpm "Shelby Davis" (Dee Gee 3805)
Tracks #11-21, from 12" LP "The World of Alcina" (Atlantic 1241)
Sessions made in Chicago between 1951 and 1956

Bill Russo (tb, arr), Gail Brockman, Johnny Howell, Porky Panico, Dave Mulholland (tp), Bill Porter, Tommy Shepard, Earl Hoffman (tb), Phillip Farkas, Frank Brouk (flh), Larry Molinelli (fl), Kenny Mann, Bill Trujillo, Sandy Mosse, Vito Price (ts), Dan Handby (bs), Lloyd Lifton, Eddie Baker (p), Bob Leshner, Earl Bakus (g), Max Wayne, Israel Crosby (b), Mickey Simonetta (d), Shelby Davis (vcl)

This CD compiles the most important of his early works, including The World of Alcina, a ballet score in five dances which Russo defined as a piece written in terms of my background in jazz. (Fresh Sound notes)